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Meadows Primary School

Phonics at The Meadows

Phonics in Key Stage 1

At the Meadows, a huge emphasis is placed on phonics in Key Stage 1 in order to improve, reading, writing and spelling. Below you can see which order phonics is taught in and by which year groups:

Reception - phase 1, 2 and 3

Year 1 - recap of phase 3 and teaching phase 4 and 5

Year 2 - recap on phase 5 and teaching of phase 6

Overview of Letters and Sounds

Below is a chart showing the order that children will be taught phonics at the Meadows.

Phase 1
  • Listening to and for sounds
  • Rhythm and rhyme
  • Alliteration 
Phase 2
  • Sounds taught: s, a, t, p, i, n, m, d, g, o, c, k, ck, e, u, r, h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss
  • Tricky words: to, the, go, no, I, into
Phase 3
  • Sounds taught: j, v, w, x, y, z, zz, qu.
  • Graphemes: ch, sh, th, ng, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er
  • Tricky words: he, she, we, me, be, was, you, they, all, are, my, her
Phase 4

Recap on all previous sounds.

  • Initial/final consonant blends: st, nd, mp, nt, nk, ft, sk, lt, lp, tr, dr, gr, cr, br, fr, bl, fl, gl, pl, cl, sl, sp, st, tw, sm, nch, shr, str, thr 
  • Tricky words: said, have, like, so, do, some, come, were, there, little, one, when, out, what
Phase 5
  • Sounds taught: zh
  • Initial/final consonant blends: ay, ou, ie, ea, oy, ir, ue, aw, wh, ph, ew, oe, au, a_e, e_e, i_e, o_e, u_e
  • Tricky words: oh, their, people, Mr, Mrs, looked, called, asked, could
  • Alternative spellings for: ch, j, m, n, r, s, z, u, i, ear, ar, air, or, ur, oo, ai, ee, igh, oa, y/oo, oo, sh
Phase 6
  • Understand and apply suffixes: ed, ing, ful, est, er, ment, ness, en, s, es
  • Understand the rules for adding: ing, ed, er, est, ful, ly, y
  • Investigate how adding suffixes and prefixes change words
  • Introduce past tense
  • Dictionary skills
  • Proof read
  • Dictation
  • Memory strategies
  • Spelling polysyllabic words 
  • Apostrophes for contractions
  • Reading strategies focusing on blending, segmenting, inference, comprehension, sequencing and summerising


Phoneme: the smallest unit of sounds which make up a complete word

Grapheme: a letter or group of letters representing a sound

Tricky word: words which can not be sounded out

Initial/ final consonant blends: first/last sound in word

Phonics Screening Check

In year 1, children will sit a national Phonics Screening where the children have to read 20 real words and 20 ‘alien’ (pseudo) words. This is conducted in a very child-friendly way by the class teachers. At every parents evening you will be informed of your child’s progress in Phonics and at the end of Year 1 the school report will inform you if they have passed or not. If your child does not pass in Year 1 they will be given additional support throughout Year 2 to enable them to pass the next year. We hold a parents workshop on the Phonics Screening check during Spring term where you will gain further information on this.

Past phonic screening papers

Phonics screening check 2018

Phonics screening check 2017

Phonics screening check 2016

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Meet the Alphablocks         Meet the Alphablocks           Read with Phonics               Read with Phonics

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           Teach your                             Teach your                     Monster Phonics                   Sight Words and

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